in North Carolina (pre-1865)
With the advent of daguerreotypes in America in Fall 1839, photography and the the business of photography commenced in this country. Early photographers often described themselves as artists, and rarely was it a full-time occupation.
These photographers were also teachers, lawyers, doctors, merchants and other professions. But as the 1840s progressed, some
intrepid persons launched daguerreotype galleries (i.e, today's photographic studios), generally for short periods. In addition, there were itinerant photographers who would travel with a van full of equipment, visiting city to city.
This section seeks to identify these early photographers in North Carolina, whether permanent or merely itinerant in their business.
Some of the earliest photographers in the state were T. H. Smiley in Raleigh and a Dr. Davis in Halifax (both in late 1842), as well as Isaac B. Alexander in Charlotte, R. Dugan in Fayetteville, James Joyner in Hillsborough and Henry B. Stringfellow, Jr. in both Raleigh and Fayetteville (all during 1843).
And one of the longest term practitioners was David Lowry Clark of High Point, who conducted a photography business from 1858 to at least 1902.
Alexander, A. W.
1856 - Concord, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Alexander, Isaac B.
June 1843 - (pre-April 1845) - Charlotte (daguerreotype room at Robertson Hotel).
Mainly worked in South Carolina towns, except for period in Charlotte.
Andrews, Joshua P.
1857 - 1860 - Raleigh, NC; (Daguerreotypes) in partnership from 1857 to 1859 with T. J. Haven -- Haven and Andrews; in 1859 he apparently worked for Esly Hunt, who bought out Haven.
Aycocke, John C.
1854 - Louisburg, NC; (Daguerreotypes)
1851 - Elizabeth City, NC; (Daguerreotypes)
1852 - Salisbury, NC; (Daguerreotypes) in partnership as Gordon and Baker.
Baremore, D. (David?)
1852 - Hillsborough, NC; (Daguerreotypes)
1853 - Washington, NC
Barry, E. T.
1856 - Kinston, NC; (Daguerreotypes)
1857 - Chapel Hill, NC
1858-61 - Wilmington, NC; (Ambrotype Gallery at Mozart Hall (formerly Whitehurst's Gallery, given as 17 1/2 Front in 1860-61);
1857-60 - Fayetteville, NC; (Daguerreotypes)
1856 - Concord,NC; (Daguerreotypes)
1859 - Carthage, NC; (Photographer)
1860 - Wilmington, NC; (Daguerreotypes)
1855 - Lincolnton, NC; (Daguerreotypes)
1852 - Salisbury, NC; (Daguerreotypes) A traveling photographer, who mainly worked in Maryland.
Broadaway, John S. (Daguerreotypes, fereotypes/tintypes and ambrotypes )
White, Colcough & Co.'s store, Sumter, S.C., 1859 and possibly part of 1860. He was noted in partnership with John W. Davis. Broadaway was also noted in White Plain (S.C.?) in July, 1859, and Camden, S.C., in the same month.
1865-72 - Charlotte, bought out by Henry Baumgarten in 1872 with stipulation Broadaway couldn't open a studio in Charlotte for 10 years. Broadaway contested the contract but lost and relocated to Greenville, SC, as a photographer by 1880, before returning to the state in 1883.
1883-87 - Winston, NC
Spring 1848 - Fayetteville & Raleigh, NC; (Daguerreotypes) A traveling photographer
Brush, S. B.
1854-55 - New Bern, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Bryan, J. L.
1846-48 - Wilmington & Fayetteville, NC; (Daguerreotypes) partnership in both cities with S. D. Humphrey. The firm was known as Humphrey and Company. In Fayetteville, the gallery was in Brick Row at Haymount Street; in Wilmington, the gallery was a room on Front Street.
1856-57 - Salisbury, NC; (Daguerreotypes)
Burgess, Joseph I.
1857 - Elizabeth City, NC (Daguerreotypes)
1867-68 - Trenton
1847-48 - New Bern, NC; (Daguerreotypes)
1850 - Hillsborough, NC; (Daguerreotypes)
1860 - Kinston, NC; (Daguerreotypes)
Clark, David Lowry
1858-60+, 1866-1902 - High Point, NC (30 N. Main in 1902)
He was an artist, portrait painter and photographer. Utilizing Woodward's Solar Camera, he promoted enlargements. In 1860, he was in a partnership as Clark and Price.
1846 - Wilmington, NC; (Daguerreotypes)
1847 - Raleigh, NC; (Daguerrotypes) was in partnership with Hutchins.
1849 - Charlotte, NC; (Daguerreotypes) He was active in Danville, VA, and Camden, SC, in 1848, Charlotte in 1849 and Binghampton, NY in 1850-51.
1855 - Fayetteville, NC; (Daguerreotypes) in a partnership as Crowl and Cochran. The partner was L. Crowl.
Coffin, Z. S.
1855 - Salisbury, NC; (Daguerreotypes)
1857 - Greensborough, NC; advertised as Coffin's Gallery.
Copeland, Oliver Perry
1854-57 - Raleigh, NC; (Daguerreotypes) in 1854, he formed a partnership with (C. B.?) Havens, opening a gallery on Fayetteville Street in the William J. and A. S. Lougee building. He was a portrait painter and a photographer.
1859 - Oxford, NC; He returned to Virginia in 1861.
Cory, F. M.
1848-50 - Fayetteville, NC; (Daguerreotypes) in partnership as Cory and Newsom in 1849; apparently he was in business by himself in 1849-50.
1850 - Washington, NC, and Warrenton, NC;
Cory, Thomas D.
1852 - Salisbury, NC; (Daguerreotypes) also worked in York, SC, that same year.
Cowling, George W.
1860 - New Bern, NC; (Daguerreotypes)
Cowling, Jesse L.
1856-60 - New Bern, NC; (Ambrotypes) He arrived from Virginia and opened his photography gallery on Craven Street over Jonathan Whaley's store.
1855 - Fayetteville, NC; (Daguerreotypes) in partnership as Crowl and Cochran.
1858-61 - Wilmington (Front near Market during 1860-61)
May 1842 - Halifax, NC; itinerant daguerreotypist set up temporary gallery in William Pride's hotel; daguerreotypes were $6.00 each.
Dawson, William C.
1860 - Elizabeth City, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Donnell, R. L. & W. C.
1858-1859 - Greensborough, NC; (Daguerreotypes) "Donnell's Gallery"
1844, 1846- - Raleigh, NC; (Daguerreotypes) He worked in Savannah during Feb. 1845 to sometime in early 1846.
In the fall 1846, Doratt offered to take portraits of the North Carolina General Assembly members. He later shared space with portrait painter L.T. Voight at the Raleigh City Hall. Doratt was also credited with developing chemicals that helped the daguerreian process, and offered instruction in the art.
By 1851, he had relocated to Brooklyn, NY.
1855 - Kinston, NC; (Daguerreotypes) in partnership as Jeffers and Doty.
1843 - Fayetteville, NC; (Daguerreotypes)
1857 - Hillsborough, NC; (Daguerreotypes)
Ellegood, Thomas C.
1851-52 - Salem, NC; (Daguerreotypes)
1856 - Hillsborough, NC; (Daguerreotypes) partnership of Ellis and Lipscombe
Ezzell, D. J.
1860 - Chapel Hill, NC; (Daguerreotypes)
Ferguson, M. M.
1857 - Fayetteville, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Fink, Daniel M.
1856-57 - Concord, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Forbis, H. R.
1860 - Hillsborough, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Frear, W. H.
1848-49 - Wilmington, NC (Daguerreotypes)
may have relocated to Montgomery, AL, by 1854
French, William C. A.
1860 - Greenborough, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Funk, D. M.
1860 - Hendersonville, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Gorrell, H. C.
1858 - Greensborough, NC (Daguerreotypes), as Gorrell's Gallery and as Scott & Gorrell partnership.
Griffin & Dr. G. H. Weeks
1851 - traveled in Virginia & North Carolina: Tarboro, Raleigh, Greensborough & Salisbury, NC. In Raleigh, the partners advertised as Locomotive Daguerrean Gallery. In Greensboro, the partners built a skylight gallery in William Gott's Hotel.
Gulick, J. W.
1851-52 - Wilmington, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Hammond, S. H.
1853 - New Bern, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Harrison, Benjamin F.
1853 - New Bern, NC (B. F. Harrison & Company)
1854 - Wilmington, NC (apparently ran the gallery of Jesse H. Whitehurst for a brief period. One source cites Harrison as one of the best daguerreians in the state.
(William Harrison also reported at Whitehurst gallery at same period)
Havens, C. B.
1851 - 1860+ - Raleigh, NC (Daguerreotypes); in 1854, he partnered with Oliver P. Copeland with a studio on Fayetteville St. in the William J. & A. S. Lougee building.
Havens, T. J.
1852 -1860 - Chapel Hill and Raleigh, NC; owned and operated two studios during this period, apparently with Joshua P. Andrews as the photographer in Raleigh. Had a previous partnership with M. M. Mallon.
Herndon, Edward W.
1859 - Asheville, NC (Daguerreotypes); he pruchased the gallery of Oscar M. Lewis.
Horton, B. B.
1859-61 - Wadesboro, NC (Daguerreotypes); listed as Horton's Gallery.
Hough, Eugenio K.
1859- - Louisburg, NC (1859); Hillsborough, NC (1859 - ), in partnership as Hough & Levois; Winston, NC (1870s) (Daguerreotypes)
1848 - Wilmington, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Hughes, William P. (Daguerreotypes, ambrotypes, chrystallotypes & melainotypes)
1854 - Charlotte, NC
1855-56 - Salisbury, NC, & Asheville, NC (1855)
1857 - Charlotte, NC; in South Carolina during 1858 - 1860.
1867-69 - Greensboro, NC
1875-80 - Greensboro, NC (West Market opp. courthouse 1875-76) (N.S. Market, 1 W. Elm in 1879-80)
1846 - Wilmington, NC
1850-59 - Chapel Hill, NC
1859 - Raleigh & Chapel Hill; he purchased T. J. Haven's Raleigh daguerian gallery in 1859.
1860 - Guilford County
1847 - Raleigh, NC (Daguerreotypes), partnership as Clark & Hutchins
Jeffers, George A. (or S.)
1855 - New Bern, NC, partnership with Jeffers & Doty
1856 - Charlotte, NC; later relocated to South Carolina.
1843 - Hillsborough, NC (June - October 1843, Margaret St.) and New Bern, NC (Nov. 1843 - ; third floor of Devereax building)
Kennedy, M. E.
1853-54 - Goldsboro, NC (Daguerreotypes), at the Odd Fellows Hall in late October 1853.
Lancaster, J. M.
1857 - Charlotte, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Leinback, T. (also pelled Lewback)
1851 - Salem, NC (Daguerreotypes)
1859 - Louisburg, NC (Daguerreotypes), in partnership as Hough & Levois
Lewis, Oscar M.
1856-59 - Asheville, NC (Daguerreotypes); sold the business to E. W. Herndon
Lincolnton Daguerrean Gallery
1845 - Lincolnton, NC (Daguerreotypes), apparently the photographer was a Mr. Worth (perhaps B. G. Worth, see below, as the dates would fit) according to a contemporaneous newspaper comment.
Lindsey, Thomas W.
1860 - Greensboro(ugh), NC (Daguerreotypes)
1856 - Hillsborough, NC (Daguerreotypes), parnetship of Ellis and Lipscombe
Lounsbury, Charles S.
1853 - Washington, NC & Salisbury, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Mallon, M. M.
1854 - Wilmington, NC (Daguerreotypes) at J. H. Whitehurst's gallery
1857 - Raleigh, NC, & Beaufort, NC; partnership of Havens & Mallon
1857 - 1860 - Tarboro, NC; partnership of Havens & Mallon
Martin, S. B.
1853 - Salisbury, NC (Daguerreotypes)
1854 - Charlotte, NC (Daguerreotypes)
McClellan, S. H.
1860 - Monroe, NC
1851 - Salisbury, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Naramore, William W.
1850-51 - Wilmington, NC (Daguerreotypes)
1848 - Fayetteville, NC (Daguerreotypes) as partnership Cory & Newsom
Newton, L. H.
1857 - Hillsborough, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Nott, J. D.
1856-57 - Fayetteville, NC (Daguerreotypes), took over from J. S. Wear
1859 - Oxford, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Palmer, John C.
1846 - 1850s - Raleigh, NC (Daguerreotypes) He also was a silversmith and jeweler, who took up photography in 1846.
1860 - Wilmington, NC (Daguerreotypes)
1853-60 - Warrenton, NC (Daguerreotypes)
1860 - Fayetteville, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Price, Calvin A.
1860 - High Point, NC (Daguerreotypes), as partnership Clark (D. L.) & Price
1861? - Goldsboro, studio on West Center Street
1866-67 - Goldsboro
1869 - Fayetteville
Ramseur, Malvina A. T. (amateur)
1858-59 - Lincolnton, NC (ambrotypes) (not in business)
Randolph, J. F.
1857 - Kinston, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Sampson, R. A.
1853 - Elizabeth City, NC (Daguerreotypes)
1854 - Tarboro, NC
1856 - Kinston, NC
1858 - Greensboro(ugh), NC (Daguerreotypes), as partnership of Scott & Gorrell (H.C.)
Separk, J. H.
1860 - Warrenton, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Shelburn, R. B.
1860 - Warrenton, NC (Daguerreotypes)
1860 - Oxford, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Shields, J. P.
1858 - Hillsborough, NC (Daguerreotypes)
1860 - Salem, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Simmons, R. P.
1860 - Ansonville, NC (Daguerreotypes)
1848 - Salisbury, NC (Daguerreotypes)
1849 - Charlotte, NC, and Lincolnton, NC (August-September 1849)
Smiley, T. C.
1851 - Asheville, NC (Daguerreotypes), had daguerreotypes on display at Eagle Hotel. may be same as Smiley listed above.
Smiley, T. H. (same as above?)
1842 (Dec.) - Raleigh, NC (Daguerreotypes), he opened a gallery here and remained in the city until March 1843. By 1857, he may be the photographer of the same name located in Knoxville, TN.
1850 - Warren County, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Smith, A. C.
1851 - Fayetteville, NC (Daguerreotypes), same as above listing?
Smith, T. O.
1852 - Fayetteville, NC (Daguerreotypes)
1848-57 - Greensboro, NC (Daguerreotypes), an itinerant photographer, he advertised his rooms at William Gott's hotel (Aug. 19 - 26, 1848), and later ads refer to a building opposite the Bland House
Stringfellow, Henry B., Jr.
1843 - Raleigh, NC, and Fayetteville, NC (Daguerreotypes), was in Raleigh, traveled to the Planter's Hotel in Fayetteville, and returned in November to Raleigh, opening a new gallery over Benjamin Smith's store.
Sugg, J. C.
1857 - Salisbury, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Tanner, N. S.
1852-53 - Hillsborough, NC (Daguerreotypes)
1856 - Salisbury, NC, and Concord, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Van Orsdell, Clinton Murrett
1859-60 - Fayetteville, NC (Daguerreotypes), gallery on Hay Street. He came from Virginia.
1866-86 - Wilmington (41 1/2 Market St. 1866-67; 115 Market, in 1867; 38 Market between 1869-1871; 38 Market between 1875-late 1880s)
1851 - Tarborough, NC (Daguerreotypes), worked for J. H. Whitehurst, generally lived in Richmond and Baltimore.
Watson, John W.
Began as a traveling daguerreian in Virginia, North Carolina and Georgia.
1855-56 - Hillsborough, Tarboro, Newbern and Beaufort, NC (Daguerreotypes)
1857-59 - Newbern, NC
1862-88 - Raleigh, NC (apparently all on Fayetteville St.); 19 Fayetteville 1875-78; 131 or 131 1/2 Fayetteville St. 1883 - 1888
Wear, J. S.
Itinerant daguerreian in North and South Carolina and Virginia.
1846 - Wilmington, NC (Daguerreotypes)
1853-56 - Fayetteville, NC
1855 & 1857 - Salem, NC (temporary gallery)
After Sept. 1857, he operated in South Carolina.
Weeks, G. H.
1851 - Tarboro, Raleigh, Greensboro and Salisbury, NC
Operated the "Locomotove Daguerrean Gallery" in Raleigh; built a skylight gallery in Greensboro at William Gott's Hotel; while in Greensboro, he claimed to have invented the "Ivory Daquerreotype."
Welfare, Alanson W.
1857 - Salem, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Jesse Harrison Whitehurst
Jan. 1853 - Jan. 1855 - Wilmington, NC; owned a daguerrotype gallery in the city; owned multiple galleries in different states, often hiring local photographers to run. In Wilmington, he hired Benjamin F. Harrison to operate the gallery, which was located in the Mozart Hall, above the Hart & Polley Store on Front Street. In 1854, he hired M. M. Mallon to run the gallery.
There also is a citation to a Weldon, NC, gallery in 1853 and 1855.
Wilde, Augusta & J. W. F.
Itinerant daguerreians. Augusta worked with her father, J. W. F. Wilde, between 1849 and 1854. She was advertised as a colorist of the daguerreotypes.
1851 - Greensboro, Hillsborough and Asheville, NC
1852 - 1853 - Charlotte, NC (Daguerreotypes); while in town called their establishment the Charlotte Daugerrean Gallery (No. 5 Granite Row, over Trotter's Jewelry Store).
1855-60 - Charlotte, NC (Daguerreotypes)
Wiseman, W. H.
1857 - Salisbury, NC (Daguerreotypes)
1866-67 - Charlotte
Worth, B. G.
1844-45 - Raleigh, NC (Daguerreotypes)
[See the Lincolnton Daguerrean Gallery, 1845]
1846 - Hillsborough, NC
Zealey, Joseph T.
1850 - NC (Daguerreotypes); primarily a South Carolina photographer located in Columbia, SC, between 1846 and 1865, but apparently traveled to North Carolina in 1850 to take photos.